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Native Americans

The earliest known inhabitants of the area now known as Claremont were the Serrano (highlander) Indians. A nomadic people, they lived where they found water. The Serrano Indians belonged to the Shoshonean division of the Uto-Aztecan linguistic family, a group that includes such diverse peoples as the Aztecs of Mexico; the Hopi, Papago and Pima of Arizona; the Ute of Colorado and Utah; as well as the neighboring tribes of the Cahuilla, the Luseno, and the Copeno. The best documented evidence of their presence is on Indian Hill, a mesa located near what is now the Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Gardens. The Claremont area became part of Mission San Gabriel founded in 1771. The Native Americans who lived here at that time became know as the Gabrielenos.



Gabrielino / Tongva Indian Dwelling